Top Information Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

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Cr: Tom Cleary
As the highest mountain in the continent, Mount Kilimanjaro is about 4900 metres tall above the sea level. It is the fourth highest mountain in the world and located in Tanzania. There are three volcanic cones; which are Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira which laid on the top of the mountain and is part pf the Kilimanjaro NationalPark. The first people to be recognised as the ones who have successfully hiked the hill are Ludwig Purtscheller and Hans Meyer, they had the expedition in 1889. Among the three volcanic cones, Uhuru Peak is the highest point on Kibo’s crater rim, the height is 5,892 m and decreasing up to 5,888 metres in 2014.
The Origin
The mountain is called Kilimanjaro as it is believed that Kilimanjaro is the Kiswahili name for Mountain of Greatness or mountain of caravans. Even though there are a lot of theories exist debating on the origin of the name, a lot believe that it means the Great Mountain by translating the world “Kilima” which means Mountain and “Jaro” that possibly meant caravans. In 1860, Johann Ludwig Krapf wrote hist experience in the Mountain and called the mountain as Kilimanjaro, 25 years after that Jim Thompson use the term Kilima-Njaro to call this three-coned volcanic mountain. Apparently, Njaro is the Kiswahili word for shining. Another theory argues that the mountain is named by Wachagga people which “Kileman” as part of Kilimanjaro means defeats and “Jaro” refer to njaree, a bird, leopard, or jyaro caravan. If we put the word together, the definition will imply the impossibility to climb the mountain.
Cr: Antonio Soletti
Climbing History

According to the record, in 1861, the first attempt to climb Kibo was done by Karl Klaus von der Decken and E. Thornton. But, this attempt was failed as the Prussian Officer and the English Geologist couldn't make to reach the peak. They got no further than 2,5 kilometres due to the extreme weather. In December 1862, Karl Klaus von der Decken tried his second attempt and reached 4,5 kilometres. Still one kilometre away from the top. In 1887, Prof. Hans Meyer, a German Geology Professor climb the mountain as his first attempt to reach the top but fail due to lack equipment to handle the ice. Two years later, Prof. Meyer returned to Kilimanjaro with a company from Ludwig Purtscheller to climb the mountain. It was the third attempt for Prof. Hand Meyer and he succeed to climb to the top of the mountain. This event was recorded as one of the most important hiking attempt, as it was recognized as the first successful hiking of all time.

Cr: Harshil Gudka

Trekking in Kilimanjaro
In 2011-2012, there are about 16,425 people visited Kilimanjaro National Park to hike the mountain. This number is considered as spectacular as Kilimanjaro is listed as the second-most profitable National Park in Tanzania. Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Mweka, Shira, Rongai, and Umbwe are the seven trekking routes in Kilimanjaro. One of the most favourite ways is Machame, as it is widely acknowledged as the most scenic route. Until the opening of Lemosho took place years after the existence of Machame route, Lemosho surprisingly offer scenic view that could make you stare for a little while.
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